- The recruitment of Group 'A' gazetted employees in Indian Railways is carried out by the Union Public Service Commission through exams conducted by it.
- The Recruitment of Group 'C' for the following post Section Officers,Junior Engineers,Depot Material Superintendent posts is conducted by Railway Recruitment board(RRB).
- The recruitment to Group 'C' and 'D' employees on the Indian Railways is done through 21 Railway Recruitment Boards (RRB) and Railway Recruitment Cells which are controlled by the Railway Recruitment Control Board (RRCB). The training of all cadres is entrusted and shared between six centralized training institutes.
Indian Railways recruits for lower level positions like ASM, Goods Guard, Clerk, TA, CA, JE, Staff Nurse, Group D etc. through it RRB NTPC (Railway Recruitment Board Non Technical ) examination. For year 2016, the examination was conducted to recruit around 18,000 positions